Rights and Responsibilities

Key Fact

What are rights?

A right is something you are entitled to.

Why are responsibilities important?

Because they tell us the way we are expected to behave towards one another. We are accountable for our actions.

Top Tips


  • The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is an international agreement that protects the human rights of the children under the age of 18. Every country except one in the world has signed up to the agreement.
  • The UNCRC grants children personal rights, such as the right to a name and a nationality and freedom of thought.
  • It gives children a right of access to services, such as clean water and food, education and state support for a child’s family.
  • Children have a right to protection from exploitation, violence, neglect and abuse.

Things to Make You Think!

PC Jones says:

A Convention is an agreement between countries to obey the same law. When the Government of a country ratifies a convention, this means it agrees to obey the law written down in that convention.

Human rights are what every human being needs to live a dignified and fulfilled life and to participate fully in society. They are entitlements – you have them just because you are human.

An old African proverb says “it takes a village to raise a child”. This points to the responsibility of all of us to look out for one another. Communities become safer when we all take responsibility for ensuring everyone’s rights are protected and respected.

Rights and responsibilities are two sides of the same coin; when we have power or resources, we have responsibility to use them well.


Your school police officer is here to help you understand what is meant by injustice, exploitation and denial of human rights.

PC Mort’s Advice

PC Mort’s Advice

Preview of PC Mort’s Advice

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Question and Answer

Question: A friend of mine at school is really upset because her parents have told her that she will be leaving school at the end of term and has to marry a man she has never met. Can my friend do anything to stop this?

Laws have been introduced in England, Wales and Northern Ireland to prevent forced marriages and protect those who have already become a victim. The laws mean anyone convicted of trying to force someone into marriage could be jailed for up to two years.

A victim, friend or the Police can apply for a Forced Marriage Protection Order. These court injunctions will forbid families from actions such as taking people abroad for marriage, seizing passports or intimidating victims. Penalties for breaching an order include up to two years imprisonment.

Question: Is there anyone who will stand up for us and our rights?

The work of the Children’s Commissioner for Wales is to safeguard and promote the rights and welfare of all children.

An advice and support service for children and young people is available for free.





Phone for free:

0808 801 1000

Text for free:


(start your message with COM)

If you need help, phone ChildLine on

0800 1111

Calls are free from most mobiles and landlines.

Your call will not show up on the bill.

If you need to report a crime, call CrimeStoppers on

0800 555 111

Calls are free from most landlines.

Calls from mobiles may be charged depending on your network.