NPS are both plant based and synthetic substances

Plant based substances

Some NPS come from plants. They are cleverly marketed as being plant based natural highs and therefore less harmful than other drugs. This may not be the case.

Plant based substances could also be treated with dangerous chemicals and have potentially serious side effects.

An example of a plant based NPS is Salvia Divinorum.

Salvia Divinorum is a short acting hallucinogenic leaf, smoked, chewed or taken as a tincture by users. Negative effects include poor coordination, dizziness and slurred speech. Individuals in the midst of emotional or psychological upheaval should be especially careful using psychoactives like Salvia. It is possible that it can trigger even more difficulties, especially in individuals with family histories of mental health problems.Possession is legal but selling, supplying or advertising it for human consumption is illegal.

Synthetic Substances

Other NPS are known as synthetic or designer drugs. Bromo dragonfly or B Dragonfly is such a drug; with similar effects as the illegal drug LSD, although longer lasting (1-3 days). Adverse reactions include; nausea and vomiting, headache, hypertension, tachycardia, elevated blood pressure, lung collapse, gastro-intestinal disturbances, change in body temperature and tremors, anxiety, panic attacks, hallucinations, flashbacks, confusion and memory disturbances.

Another man-made drug is Benzo-Fury (Benzofuran) an amphetamine-based drug from the same family of chemicals as MDMA (Ecstasy). It is sold in a range of forms to include pellets, capsules and powder. Some pellets appear with the letter ‘B’ printed on them. There is no controlled medical research on the effects of their use. Users have reported long lasting stimulant effects such as feeling alert, talkativeness, and suppression of appetite and increased energy levels. The risks to users include anxiety, severe agitation, insomnia and depression. The powerful stimulant effects can lead to strain on the heart and over excitation of the nervous system which can lead to seizures and fits.